Yogyakarta old dynasties

Written by on October 1, 2010 in Java Dynasties with 0 Comments

Yogyakarta  old dynasties

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Mataram successor states

28 Feb 1677 Dutch protectorate.
13 Feb 1755 Mataram empire divided between Surakarta (the titular
status successor) and Yogyakarta by the Treaty of Giyanti.
17 Mar 1757 The dynastic Mangku Negaran microstate is established as
an overeign enclave in Surakarta.
22 Jun 1812 The dynastic Paku Alaman microstate is established as a
sovereign enclave in Yogyakarta.
1946 Mangku Negaran is declared to be “abolished” (but continues).

(1) Mataram and, from 1755, Surakarta “empire” (Kasunanan Surakarta Adiningrat)

Emperors (title Susuhanan)¹
Jun 1677 – 3 Nov 1703 Amangku Rat II (b. 1639/42 – d. 1703)
3 Nov 1703 – 24 Aug 1708 Amangku Rat III (d. bf.1734)
(from 1704, in eastern provinces only)
19 Jun 1704 – 22 Feb 1719 Paku Buwono I (b. c.1648 – d. 1719)
22 Feb 1719 – 20 Apr 1726 Amangku Rat IV (b. c.1680 – d. 1726)
20 Apr 1726 – 30 Jun 1742 Paku Buwono II (1st time) (b. 1711 – d. 1749)
30 Jun 1742 – 24 Dec 1742 Amangku Rat V (b. 1732 – d. …)
24 Dec 1742 – 11 Dec 1749 Paku Buwono II (2nd time) (s.a.)
11 Dec 1749 – 26 Sep 1788 Paku Buwono III (b. 1732 – d. 1788)
26 Sep 1788 – 1 Oct 1820 Paku Buwono IV (b. 1768 – d. 1820)
1 Oct 1820 – 5 Sep 1823 Paku Buwono V (b. 1784 – d. 1823)
5 Sep 1823 – 14 Jun 1830 Paku Buwono VI (b. 1807 – d. 1849)
14 Jun 1830 – 10 May 1858 Paku Buwono VII (b. 1796 – d. 1858)
10 May 1858 – 28 Dec 1861 Paku Buwono VIII (b. 1789 – d. 1861)
30 Dec 1861 – 17 Mar 1893 Paku Buwono IX (b. 1830 – d. 1893)
17 Mar 1893 – 20 Feb 1939 Paku Buwono X (b. 1866 – d. 1939)
20 Feb 1939 – 1 Jun 1945 Paku Buwono XI (b. 1886 – d. 1945)
1 Jun 1945 – 11 Jun 2004 Paku Buwono XII (b. 1925 – d. 2004)
10 Sep 2004 – Paku Buwono XIII (b. 1948)
2004 – Paku Buwono XIII (in opposition) (b. 1954)

¹The full style is Ingkang Sinuhun Kangjeng Susuhanan Paku Buwono Senapati Ingalaga
Ngabdurahman Sayidin Panatagama, and the words from Paku Buwono on constitute each ruler’s
throne name, here abbreviated to Paku Buwono.

Yogyakarta-Sultan Hamengku Buwono X

When his fatYogyakarta, Sultan Hamengku Buwono X her died in 1988 he was not really thinking of becoming functioning sultan, but the sentiments locally were to big, so he was installed as sultan 1989. Later he became the face of reasonable democracy in Indonesia, advisor for a life with discussion and not with arms also.
Some people say his sharpness has been less developed then taht of his father.
But really you can see him as the face of the nearly perfect things in monarchy system of Indonesia.
Also his people wants him still as governor of the Yogyakarta area, although also people say, that he must become president.
He keeps away from division in society and always want to stay neutral.

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Yogyakarta (Kasultanan Ngayogyakarta Adiningrat)

[Jogjakarta Sultanate]

Sultans¹
13 Feb 1755 – 24 Mar 1792 Hamengku Buwono I (b. 1717 – d. 1792)
24 Mar 1792 – 20 Jun 1812 Hamengku Buwono II (1st time) (b. 1750 – d. 1828)
31 Oct 1812 – 28 Dec 1811 Hamengku Buwono (III) -Regent (b. 1769 – d. 1814)
20 Jun 1812 – 3 Nov 1814 Hamengku Buwono III (s.a.)
3 Nov 1814 – 6 Dec 1823 Hamengku Buwono IV (b. 1804 – d. 1823)
3 Nov 1814 – Aug 1816 Paku Alam I -Regent (b. 1764 – d. 1829)
6 Dec 1823 – 17 Aug 1826 Hamengku Buwono V (1st time) (b. 1820 – d. 1855)
15 Aug 1825 – Mar 1830 Dipa Negara (in rebellion) (b. 1785 – d. 1855)
17 Aug 1826 – 2 Jan 1828 Hamengku Buwono II (2nd time) (s.a.)
2 Jan 1828 – 5 Jun 1855 Hamengku Buwono V (2nd time) (s.a.)
2 Jan 1828 – 26 Nov 1836 …. -Regent
5 Jun 1855 – 20 Jul 1877 Hamengku Buwono VI (b. 1821 – d. 1877)
20 Jul 1877 – 29 Jan 1921 Hamengku Buwono VII (b. 1839 – d. 1921)
29 Jan 1921 – 22 Oct 1939 Hamengku Buwono VIII (b. 1880 – d. 1939)
22 Oct 1939 – 2 Oct 1988 Hamengku Buwono IX (b. 1912 – d. 1988)
2 Oct 1988 – Hamengku Buwono X (b. 1946)

¹The full style is Kanjeng Sultan Hamengku Buwono Senapati Ingalaga Ngabdurahman Sayidin
Panatagama Kalipatulah, and the words from Hamengku Buwono on constitute each ruler’s throne
name, here abbreviated to Hamengku Buwono.

(2-1) Kaliwabang

1831 Kaliwabang in secession from Yogyakarta.
1853 Re-incorporated into Yogyakarta.

Ruler (title Pangeran)
1831 – 1853 Pangeran Adipati Nata Praya (d. 1853)

(2-2) Nangulan

1831 Nangulan in secession from Yogyakarta.
1833 Under direct Netherlands colonial rule.
1853 Re-incorporated into Yogyakarta.

Ruler (title Pangeran)
1831 – 1833 Pangeran Prabu Adiningrat
1833 – 1853 Direct Netherlands colonial rule

(3) Mangku Negaran

Rulers¹
24 Feb 1757 – 28 Dec 1795 Mangku Negara I (b. 1726 – d. 1795)
28 Dec 1795 – 26 Jan 1835 Mangku Negara II (30 Oct 1821) (b. 1768 – d. 1835)
26 Jan 1835 – 6 Jan 1853 Mangku Negara III (1 Sep 1842) (b. 1803 – d. 1853)
25 Mar 1853 – 2 Sep 1881 Mangku Negara IV (16 Aug 1857) (b. 1811 – d. 1881)
2 Sep 1881 – 2 Oct 1896 Mangku Negara V (24 Jan 1894) (b. 1855 – d. 1896)
2 Oct 1896 – 11 Jan 1916 Mangku Negara VI (4 Nov 1896) (b. 1857 – d. 1928)
11 Jan 1916 – 19 Jul 1944 Mangku Negara VII (23 Jul 1924) (b. 1885 – d. 1944)
19 Jul 1944 – 3 Sep 1987 Mangku Negara VIII (30 Mar 1945) (b. 1920 – d. 1987)
3 Sep 1987 – Mangku Negara IX (b. 1951)

¹Most rulers begin their rule with the style Pangeran Adipati Aria Prabhu Prangwadana, adopting the style Kanjeng Gusti Pangeran Adipati Aria Mangku Negara Senapati Ingayuda at an auspicious time. They are here listed with the abbreviated throne name Mangku Negara,
followed, if appropriate, by the date on which this style is adopted.

(4) Paku Alaman

[Paku Alaman]

Rulers¹
22 Jun 1812 – 4 Oct 1829 Paku Alam I (b. 1764 – d. 1829)
4 Oct 1829 – 23 Jul 1858 Paku Alam II (b. 1786 – d. 1858)
23 Jul 1858 – 17 Oct 1864 Paku Alam III (b. 1827 – d. 1864)
17 Oct 1864 – 24 Sep 1878 Paku Alam IV (b. 1841 – d. 1878)
24 Sep 1878 – 6 Nov 1900 Paku Alam V (b. 1833 – d. 1900)
26 Nov 1900 – 9 Jun 1902 Paku Alam VI (b. 1856 – d. 1902)
8 Jul 1902 – 16 Feb 1937 Paku Alam VII (b. 1882 – d. 1937)
16 Feb 1937 – 11 Sep 1998 Paku Alam VIII (b. 1910 – d. 1998)
11 Sep 1998 – Paku Alam IX (b. 1938)

¹The full style is Kanjeng Gusti Pangeran Adipati Aria Paku Alam, the last two words constituting each ruler’s throne name.

sources: Kingdoms of Indonesia

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