Panthera-pardus-melas, Javan leopard The Javan leopard (Panthera pardus melas) is a subspecies of the leopard. They are only found on the island of Java. Javan leopards are very distinctive from other subspecies of leopards, genetically speaking. The species is coming in to decline because of hunting for its valuable fur. No one really knows how the Javan leopard came onto the island as there is no real connection with any other leopard inhabited country.It is one of the smallest leopards.