Junonia hedonia, Brown soldier, Nymphalidae

Written by on May 2, 2012 in Indonesia Butterfly with 0 Comments

Junonia hedonia, Brown soldier, Nymphalidae

Junonia-hedonia-00

Native South East Asia   Wingspan 5-6 cm

A small to medium sized orange butterfly with large eyespots on the upper side of hind wings, and smaller ones on the forewing. The sexes are similar in colour and pattern. The females is usually larger. The short wavy black bands that emanate from the costal margins are distinctive. The under side is variable. Some specimens have very small markings against a light ground colour, while others have more prominent eyes and richer colors.
This is an edge species and can be seen around rice fields more frequently than at any other location. It may be seen almost year round though its numbers peak only during the monsoons.
Its habits are very similar to the Chocolate Soldier or Lemon Pansy and it joins migratory flights. The large eyes are displayed suddenly when the butterfly opens its wings – this unexpected visual signal presumably confuses the predator and takes it by surprise.
The larvae feed on plants of the Acanthaceae..

Caterpillar feed on:

Hygrophila-angustifolia Ruellia-tuberosa.

Hygrophila angustifolia Ruellia tuberosa.

Hemigraphis-alternata

 

Acanthus ilicifolius

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