Psittaculirostris salvadorii, Yellowl-cheeked Fig Parrot,

Written by on November 19, 2010 in Indonesia Bird with 0 Comments

Psittaculirostris salvadorii, Yellowl-cheeked Fig Parrot, Nuriara Pipi-kuning

Description: green; forehead and lores bluish-green; crown green wPsittaculirostris salvadorii, Yellowl-cheeked Fig Parrotith light bluish streaking; nape, cheeks and ear-coverts gold yellow, each feather elongated; blue patch behind eye; breast red; inner wing-coverts with orange tip; under wing-coverts dull green; skin to narrow periophthalmic ring grey; iris reddish-brown; feet light grey; bill black.

Female as male, but pale bluish-green band instead of red on breast, crown streaked with blue; hindneck yellowish-green; pale yellow band on underside of flight feathers; under wing-coverts bluish-green; red patches to sides of breast.

Immatures as female, but with paler plumage; male with bluish breast interspersed with red; iris dark.

Length: 19 cm (7.5ins)

Distribution: Geelvink Bay east to Humboldt Bay, West Irian.

Habitat: forest, forest edges and partially cleared land up to 400 m (1,200 ft); often found near human settlement.

Status: common in localities.

Habits: in pairs or threes outside the breeding season; found mostly in treetops on forest edges; prefers fig trees; flies mostly over canopy, but also occasionally at only 3 m (9 ft) above ground; often hangs up-side down to feed; contact cry high-pitched and metallic, repeated broken two or three times.

Natural diet: fruits (particularly figs), nectar, flowers and probably insects and their larvae.

Breeding behaviour: unknown

Aviculture: lively parrot with pleasant voice; louder when excited; initially reserved, but confiding when used to attendant; prone to growths on upper mandible; hard chewers; should have regular supply of branches; immediate interest in nest box; imported birds susceptible during acclimatisation; sudden death without discernible cause; strict hygiene necessary; requires worming once annually.

Accommodation: sheltered inside aviary 2,5 x 1 x 2 m (7.5 x 3 x 6 ft) or spacious birdroon cage 1,5 x 0,6 x 1,5 m (4.5 x 2 x 4.5 ft); outside flight possible in summer; minimum temperature 18-ªC (65-ªF); provide L-shaped nest box with base 12 x 25 cm (5 x 10 ins), height 12 cm (5 ins).

Diet: fruits (figs, banana, kiwi, apple, pear, grapes) and vegetables (cucumber, courgette or zucchini, grated carrot, sweet pepper); dog chow; cooked beans and pigeon food; small quantities of sprouted sunflower seed; canary seed, millet and buckwheat; fruit pulp, pollen, brewer’s yeast, rice flakes and multi-grain flakes; dextrose and low fat yoghurt; biscuit softened in fruit pulp; fresh twigs with buds and flowers; proprietary lory feed can be offered in addition; regular vitamin supplement with vitamin K necessary; acclimatisation with lactobacillus culture.

Breeding in aviculture: seldom achieved; young usually die shortly after hatching or are not fed by parents; pairs should be isolated for breeding; clutch usually 2 eggs; incubation 23 days; fledging period 8 weeks; young independent after 10 days; clean nestbox regularly, sensitive to nest box inspection; occasionally prone to egg binding.

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