Pitohui dichrous, Hooded Pitohui, Pitohui Kepala-hitam

Written by on November 19, 2010 in Indonesia Bird with 0 Comments

Pitohui dichrous, Hooded Pitohui, Pitohui Kepala-hitam

The Hooded Pitohui, Pitohui dichrous is a songbird of New Guinea with black and orange plumage. Pitohui dichrous, Hooded Pitohui, Pitohui Kepala-hitam

This species and its two close relatives, the Variable Pitohui and the Brown Pitohui, were the first documented poisonous birds. A neurotoxin called homobatrachotoxin found in the birds’ skin and feathers, causes numbness and tingling in those touching the bird.

The Hooded Pitohui acquires its poison from part of its diet, the Choresine beetles of the Melyridae family. This beetle is also a likely source of the lethal batrachotoxins found in Colombia’s poison dart frogs[citation needed][Dumbacher et al., PNAS 101(45):15857-15860].

Common and widespread throughout New Guinea, the Hooded Pitohui is evaluated as Least Concern on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species.

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