Lanius cristatus, Brown Shrike, Bentet Coklat

Written by on November 19, 2010 in Indonesia Bird with 0 Comments

Lanius cristatus, Brown Shrike, Bentet Coklat

The BrowLanius cristatus, Brown Shrike, Bentet Coklatn Shrike, Lanius cristatus is a small passerine bird in the shrike family. It was formerly often considered conspecific with the closely-related Red-backed Shrike, L. collurio, and Isabelline Shrike, L. isabellinus.

This bird breeds across central and eastern Asia. It is migratory, wintering south to India, southeast Asia and Indonesia. A wide range of habitats is used for breeding, from taiga and deciduous forest to semi-desert. It builds its nest in a tree or bush, laying 2-6 eggs.

In winter, Brown Shrike is found in secondary forest, often close to human habitation. This species is a rare vagrant to Europe, and has been recorded in Nova Scotia, Canada.

The food is mainly insects, rodents and lizards, caught by a sally from a prominent perch. This is a typical shrike hunting technique.

The Brown Shrike is a small shrike. Like its relatives, it is long-tailed, and perches quite upright. The adult male’s upper parts and crown are darkish brown. The face is white with the typical shrike black “bandit-mask” through the eye. Underparts are yellowish buff, although the hues vary somewhat between the different races. Its call is a harsh chatter that pierces the early morning air.

Females are less contrasted and have a greyer crown. Immature Brown Shrikes are scalloped on the underparts.

They feed on a large number of insects and especially lepidoptera.

 

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