Geoffroyus geoffroyi

Written by on April 12, 2012 in Indonesia Bird with 0 Comments

Geoffroyus geoffroyi, Red-cheeked Parrot,  Nuri Pipi-merah

The adult RGeoffroyus-geoffroyi-01-400ed-cheeked Parrot has a height of 25-cm (10 in.). The length of its body is approximately eight inches, and its wing span is usually between 135-155 mm (5-6 in.) The general plumage of the male bird is bright green, with a bright red face. There are also various other colors found on the bird, but only in small patches on specific body parts. The crown and back of its head is violet-blue. The breast, abdomen, upper, and lower tail coverts are yellowish-green. There are reddish-brown patches on their median wing coverts, and the under wing coverts are blue. The tail is yellow-green on the upper side and green-yellow on the under side. The upper mandible is coral red, and the lower mandible is a brownish-gray color. Female and juvenile plumage differs slightly from the male birds. The females head has a more brownish color, and has an olive tinge to its cheeks and throat. Juvenile birds also have an olive tinge to their cheeks and throat area, but their heads are more of a greenish color. Both the female and juvenile birds have gray upper and lower mandibles. All Red-cheeked Parrots have eyes located on either side of their heads, which are pale yellow in color. They also have feet that are ideal for perching, wings ideal for flight, and beaks, which are ideally shaped for eating seeds, and fruit. Two features that make the Red-cheeked Parrot distinct and recognizable are the metallic call, and a distinct flight pattern, which is swift and direct similar to that of the common starling.
DISTRIBUTION and HABITAT:

The Red-cheeked Parrot is classified as an Indonesian or Australian bird, but it can also be found on the islands of Timor, Lesser Sunda, Papua New Guinea, the Moluccas, and the Aru Islands. They can also be found in the Louisiade Archipelago and the Cape York Peninsula. Their breeding areas are Australia, Indonesia, and Papua New Guinea. The habitats of the Red-cheeked Parrot include, wet scrub bordering streams, as well as the tops of rain forest, and gallery forest trees.
BEHAVIOR:

Red-cheeked Parrots usually live in pairs, and small family groups outside of the breeding season. During the breeding season the birds are usually found in pairs but there is little else known of their courtship behavior in the wild. Red-cheeked Parrots are not aggressive birds and are usually quite shy, except while feeding. When feeding they gather in large groups, and they are very noisy and conspicuous. Their main type of locomotion is flight. They may also walk while perching and foraging for food, but only short distances as their feet are not structured for walking
DIET:

Red-cheeked Parrots are food foragers, their diet consists of seeds, some fruits (mainly figs), blossoms, and nectar.
REPRODUCTION and GROWTH:

During the breeding season the female bird excavates its nest in a rotting tree limb, where she will lay her eggs. Breeding birds usually produce three eggs at a time, and generation time for Red-cheeked Parrots is three years.
CONSERVATION STATUS:

Red-cheeked Parrots are considered near threatened in status, because there is such a small known breeding population.
Wild Population:

There is an approximate population of 3,000 breeding Geoffroyus g. mclennani. This is a relatively small number, however their breeding trends are high and stable. There is little known about the wild populations of the other 14 subspecies.

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