Culicicapa ceylonensis

Written by on April 14, 2012 in Indonesia Bird with 0 Comments

Culicicapa ceylonensis, Grey-headed Canary-Flycatcher,  Sikatan Kepala-abu

Culicicapa-ceylonensis-02-800

The Grey-headed Canary-flycatcher, Culicicapa ceylonensis, is a small passerine bird. Formerly considered part of the “Old World flycatcher” assemblage and placed in the family Muscicapidae, it is now considered part of the Stenostiridae. These are “flycatchers” closely related to titmice and chickadees (Paridae)uni köln

The Grey-headed Canary-flycatcher is 13 cm long. It is a long-tailed flycatcher-like bird with an upright stance. The adult has a grey head and breast, green upperparts and bright yellow underparts.

This species which breeds in in upland to montane oak (Quercus) and other broadleaved forests and similar wooded areas in temperate to tropical southern Asia, from Pakistan, Central India and Sri Lanka east to Indonesia and southern China. Many populations are resident, but Himalayan birds are short-distance altitudinal migrants. In Bhutan for example, the species is not uncommon all year round, and can be found up to and above 2,000 meters ASL. Birds from high montane forest stay at lower altitudes for the winter, during which time the species is decidedly common in Bhutan. They are also found as winter migrants in the Western Ghats and parts of southern India.

The Grey-headed Canary-flycatcher is an insectivore, which in its acrobatic, inquisitive hunt for prey reminds of its relatives in the Paridae. It breeds. The nest is built on a rock ledge or in a tree trunk, and the clutch is three or four eggs. A juvenile of the Chinese subspecies calochrysea was collected at Mouping in today’s Baoxing County in Sichuan in early September.Not uncommon and found across a wide range, this bird is not considered threatened by the IUCN.

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