Alisterus amboinensis

Written by on November 19, 2010 in Indonesia Bird with 0 Comments

Alisterus amboinensis, Moluccan king parrot, Nuri raja, Nuri ambon

Alisterus-amboinensis-02-800

The Moluccan King Parrot, Alisterus amboinensis, is a parrot that is endAlisterus amboinensis, Moluccan king parrot, Nuri raja, Nuri ambonemic to Peleng Island, Maluku and West Papua in Indonesia. It is sometimes referred to as the Ambon King Parrot or Amboina King Parrot, but this is potentially misleading, as it is found on numerous other islands than Ambon. The male and female are similar in appearance, with a predominantly red head and underparts, green wings (blue in one subspecies), and blue back and tail. Six subspecies are recognised, but only a few of these are regular in aviculture. In the wild, it inhabits rainforests and feeds on fruits, berries, seeds and buds.

Description

An adult Moluccan King Parrot measures 35-40 cm (14 in) in length and has a red head and chest, outer wings dull green (except in subspecies hypophonius, where blue), mantle, lesser wing coverts and tail-coverts dark purple-blue. Tail darker blackish blue, irises orange, and the legs are dark grey.The lower mandible is blackish, and the upper mandible is orange-red with a blackish tip, except in the subspecies buruensis, where the entire bill is blackish.Unlike the other species of king parrots, the Moluccan King Parrot does not display sexual dimorphism; that is, the sexes have similar plumage. Juvenile birds have a dark-brown bill tipped paler, greenish mantle, dark brown irises and red-tips to lateral tail feathers. Birds reach maturity in one year.

Behavior

Encountered alone or in pairs, occasionally in small groups, it mainly frequents dense cover in the lower and mid-levels of forests. It is inconspicuous and rather quiet, except in flight. It consumes fruit, berries, seeds and buds.Nesting takes place in a tree-hollow. The breeding season begins in February and March, although breeding has not been observed in the wild, in captivity the clutch consists of two eggs which are incubated for 19 days. After hatching the chicks are ready to fledge at nine weeks old.

Habitat and status

The Moluccan King Parrot inhabits rainforests, but sometimes enters nearby plantations and gardens. Exceptionally, it occurs at altitude up to 2100 m,[6] but more commonly below 1200 m (New Guinea)[or 1600 m (Maluku).

The Moluccan King Parrot is generally uncommon due to habitat loss and capture for the parrot trade,but remains locally common at least on the Sula Islands, Halmahera and Buru. Overall the species is not believed to be in immediate danger, and consequently is listed as Least Concern by BirdLife International and IUCN.As most parrots, the Moluccan King Parrot is listed in Appendix II of CITES.

Aviculture

Until recently only the subspecies amboinensis and hypophonius were seen regularly seen in aviculture, but buruensis and dorsalis are now also present, at least in zoos. It has regularly been bred in captivity,for example in Denmark.

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