Nusa Barung Nature Reserve

Nusa Barung Nature Reserve

General Nusa Barung, Nusa Barung Nature Reserve, Cagar Alam
Nusa Barung is a 6,100 ha island, 12 km south-west of the Meru Betiri National Park, on the south coast of Java. The island consists of limestone with high cliffs. Most of the area is dry and mountainous. Several birds and sea turtles breed on the island. Other creatures to be found are crabs, snails, limpets and … sand flies.
Access
You can reach the island with a boat from Puger. Puger is reached from Jember.
Nusa Barung is a limestone island with spectacular cliffs rising to 325m and some coastal mangrove swamps. The island is about six km from north to south, and 16 km from east to west. Most of the island is hilly; there are several deeply indented bays on the northeast coast which provide sheltered anchorages for visiting fishermen. Because of its limestone substrate, the island is almost completely dry with no rivers and only a few natural ponds where animals may find standing water.

Flora

* Alstonia spanthulatus
* Avicennia spp.
* Barringtonia spp.
* Calophyllum inophyllum
* Alang-alang – Cylindrica imperata
* Dillenia sp.
* Ficus amplas
* Lumnitzera spp.
* Pleiornium sp.
* Rhizophora spp.
* Sonneratia alba
* Sterculia foetida
* Supatorium sp.
* Tamarindus sp.
* Terminalia catappa
* Vatica walichii
* Vitex pubescens
* Xylocarpus spp.

Mammals
* Long-tailed macaque – Macaca fascicularis
* Small Indian civet – Viverricula indica
* Rusa deer – Cervus timorensis
* Plaintain squirrel – Callosciurus notatus
* Black giant squirrel – Ratufa bicolor

Birds
* Stork-billed Kingfisher – Pelargopsis capensis
* Collared Kingfisher – Todirhamphus chloris
* Common Redshank – Tringa totanus
* Beach Thick-knee – Esacus neglectus
* Brown Booby – Sula leucogaster
* Little Egret – Egretta garzetta
* Pacific Reef-Egret – Egretta sacra
* Great Egret – Casmerodius albus
* Cattle Egret – Bubulcus ibis

Reptiles
* Green Turtle – Chelonia mydas
* Rock Python – Python molurus
* Reticulated Python – Python reticulatus

Conservationists Reject Plan to turn Nusa Barong into a Tourist Site

http://www.tempointeractive.com/hg/nasional/2008/10/24/brk,20081024-141967,uk.html

Friday, 24 October, 2008 – 19:09 WIB

TEMPO Interactive, Jember:Jember Nature Conservation Center (BKSDA) rejected plans of the regency administration to turn Nusa Barong Island into a tourist destination. They said the uninhabited island locating 4,5 kilometer in the Puger coast in Southern Jember is a nature conservation area.

“If they want to change the status of the island, they must get authorization permission from the Forestry Minister and the House of Representatives (DPR),” said East Java BKSDA chief, Abdullah Efendi Abbas yesterday.

Abdullah said he was shocked to hear the regent’s plan to turn Nusa Barong Island as a tourist site for national and international visitors. “We, as the island’s manager and people in charge, were never informed,” he said.

Yet, at the end of 2007, the BKSDA sent a map and regulations covering nature conservation areas to all provincial executive chiefs, including the Jember regent. “This is intended to anticipate such conflicts,” Abdullah said.

Jember regent M.Z.A. Djalal revealed his plans to change the island’s status last week, following his visit to Nusa Barong island together with Puger sub-district head Wahyudi Abdullah and members of the leaders of the executive council. Djalal also brought along two prospective investors to the island. None of the BKSDA members were invited to come along.

Until this report went to print, Djalal could not be contacted.

Sub-district chief Wahyudi, who accompanied regent Djalal’s group, confirmed the plan. According to him, development on the nature conservation area will begin next year.

However, he said, so far there has been no agreement between the investors and Jember regent over the area’s development. “There are also interested investors coming from Surabaya, Canada, and China,” he said.

Mahbub Djunaidy

 

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