Bawean Game Reserve

Bawean Game Reserve

Bawean, Bawean Game Reserve, Taman Buru

General
Pulau Bawean lies 150 km north of east Java and has its origin in the volcano Gunung Besar (646 m). The reserve is 4000 ha and was established to protect the endemic Bawean Deer, one of the rarest Deer species on earth. Their population is estimated to be 200-400. The deer is very hard to see as it is still hunted. Offshore Pulau Cina is said to be the best place.
Beautiful coral reefs can be found around the island. The main coral gardens are found at the beaches Mayangkara near Kapuhteluk and around the little islands Nusa, Cina, Karabile, Gili Timur and Gili Barat.
On the island itself you can visit the beautiful crater lake Kastoba and several hot water springs. In the neighbourhood of the little village Kebuntelukdalam are several scenic waterfalls.
Access
Pulau Bawean is a paradise for the adventurous traveler who loves to travel off the beaten track. You can reach the island three times a week at Monday, Wednesday and Saturday by jetfoil from Gresik. The journey takes about 2 hours and ends in Sangkapura harbour on Pulau Bawean. An other and cheaper possibility to get to Pulau Bawean is catching the motor boat from Gresik. However, this journey will take at least 10 hours. Gresik lies 25 km north-west of Surabaya and can be reached by minibus.
Accommodation
The accommodation on the island is very simple. There are some (overcharged) places where you can sleep in the houses of the local people.
* Sangkapura
o Pasanggrahan Sangkapura
o Penginapan Bahagia

Flora

* Barringtonia asiatica
* Bruguiera cylindrica
* Calophyllum inophyllum
* Canarium asperum
* Eugenia lepidocarpa
* Ficus spp.
* Hibiscus tiliaceus
* Ixora spp.
* Pternandra coerulescens
* Rhizophora mucronata
* Sonneratia alba
* Symplocos adenophylla
* Vitex spp.

Mammals
* Lesser dog-faced fruit bat – Cynopterus brachyotis
* Central flying fox – Pteropus alecto
* Malayan false vampire bat – Megaderma spasma
* Long-tailed macaque – Macaca fascicularis
* Common palm civet – Paradoxurus hermaphroditus
* Small Indian civet – Viverricula indica
* Bawean deer – Axis kuhlii
* Wild boar – Sus scrofa
* Javan warty pig – Sus verrucosus
* Javan short-tailed porcupine – Hystrix javanica

Birds
* Green Junglefowl – Gallus varius
* Asian Koel – Eudynamys scolopacea
* Pink-necked Green-Pigeon – Treron vernans
* Green Imperial-Pigeon – Ducula aenea
* Pink-headed Imperial-Pigeon – Ducula rosacea
* Pied Imperial-Pigeon – Ducula bicolor
* Gull-billed Tern – Sterna nilotica
* Black-naped Tern – Sterna sumatrana
* Bridled Tern – Sterna anaethetus
* Bawean Serpent-Eagle – Spilornis baweanus
* Black-crowned Night-Heron – Nycticorax nycticorax
* Purple Heron – Ardea purpurea
* Great Frigatebird – Fregata minor
* Large-billed Crow – Corvus macrorhynchos
* Hill Myna – Gracula religiosa
* Black-headed Bulbul – Pycnonotus atriceps
* Olive-winged Bulbul – Pycnonotus plumosus
* Ashy Tailorbird – Orthotomus ruficeps
* Abbott’s Babbler – Malacocincla abbotti
* Scarlet-headed Flowerpecker – Dicaeum trochileum
* Streaked Weaver – Ploceus manyar
* Scaly-breasted Munia – Lonchura punctulata

Reptiles
* Blue Krait – Bungarus candidus
* Reticulated Python – Python reticulatus
* Estuarine Crocodile – Crocodylus porosus

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Largest city Sangkapura
Demographics
Population 65,000
Bawean is an island of Indonesia located approximately 200 km north of Surabaya in the Java Sea. It is approximately 15 km in diameter and is circumnavigated by a single narrow road. Bawean is dominated by an extinct volcano at its center that rises over 650 m above sea level. The islands population is around 65,000. Approximately 40,000 live in the capital of Sangkapura and the rest live in small villages scattered around the island.
The language of Bawean is officially Indonesian, though being as remote as it is many still speak Bawean (Boyanese), a dialect of Madurese. The culture is also similar (at least to an outsider) to Madurese though Bawean has had even less exposure to outside influences and contact with the West. However, the people are friendly and polite to outsiders.
A large number of Baweanese men heve left the island to become merchant sailors. There is a saying on Bawean to the effect of “You are not really a man until you have spent several years abroad.” It is not uncommon to find Baweanese who have been to Europe, China, Japan, and even North America and South America. Baweanese migrants to Singapore were a prominent part of what are now considered to be the Malays in Singapore, working as horse cart drivers and later as motorcar drivers and giving their name to the area known as Kampung Boyan. Another Kampung Boyan can be found in Aulong near Taiping, Perak, Malaysia. Interestingly,there is another Kampung Boyan in Kuching,Sarawak,Malaysia. However,any sort of Baweanese influence or heritage is blurry due to mix marriages being common among the people living in Sarawak.
Bawean is entirely Muslim, though this is heavily blended with shamanism and folk animism. For instance, the prevailing belief on the island is that if you swim in Telaga Kastoba, the crater lake, you will become cursed and die.

Pictures thanks to wikipedia

The Bawean deer (Axis kuhlii )is poorly studied, and few scientific measurements of this species are available. There is no consensus about either adult weight or total length, although values of 50-60 kg and 140 cm respectively .
Shoulder height is 65-70 cm.

 

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