Bromo Tengger Semeru National Park Introduction 1

Written by on November 19, 2010 in Java East National Park with 0 Comments

East Java

Bromo Tengger Semeru National Park

Introduction 1

Bromo Tengger Semeru National Park map, animals, National Parks, Indonesia, traveling, travelling, birds, mammals, reptiles. fishes, nature reserves, Bromo Tengger Semeru National Park map, Bromo Tengger Semeru, Park NasionalBromo Tengger Semeru National Park has sub-montane, montane and sub-alpine ecosystem types, with big trees that are hundreds of years old.
Among the plants that exist in the Park are jamuju (Podocarpus imbricatus), cemara gunung (Casuarina sp.), edelweiss (Anaphalis javanica), various species of orchid, and rare species of grass (Styphelia pungieus).
In addition, there are about 137 species of bird, 22 species of mammal, and four species of reptile in this Park.

Bromo Tengger Semeru National Park is the only conservation area in Indonesia that has a sand ‘sea’. This unique feature covers a total area of 5,250 hectares at an altitude of about 2,100 m asl.
Beneath the sand sea, seven eruption centers have been found along two intersecting lines, one from east to west and the other from northeast to southwest. From this northeast-southwest line emerged Mt. Bromo, an active volcano which intermittently emits smoke and ash, and is an ever-present threat to the lives of some 3,500 people living below.
The crater of Mt. Bromo has a diameter of about 800 meters from north to south and 600 meters from east to west. Most of the area within a radius of 4 km from the crater centre is considered hazardous.
The Tenggerese people that live around the Park are indigenous to the area and adhere to ancient Hindu beliefs. According to legend, the ancestors of the tribe were members of the Majapahit kingdom who went into exile. Strangely, despite being aware of the potential dangers of Mt. Bromo, the local people seem unafraid. The same goes for the visitors who come to the Park in great numbers, particularly around the time of the “Upacara Kasodo”. The Upacara Kasodo (Kasodo Ceremony) is held every year (December/January) at the full moon. Through this ceremony, the Tenggerese invoke the blessings of the deities to ensure an abundant harvest, to be spared from calamity and to be cured of various diseases. To earn such blessings, they climb down the sides of the crater to catch the offerings thrown into the crater by other members of the community above. The scramble for possession of the ‘sacrifices’ is at once a gripping, but terrifying sight: it is not uncommon for some of the participants to tumble down to the crater’s floor.

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