Baluran National Park

Written by on November 19, 2010 in Java East National Park with 0 Comments

East Java

Baluran National Park

baluran, baluran national park, baluran park nasional

 

Baluran National Park Intro

Baluran National Park has some of the few dry land ecosystem types in Java, consisting of savanna. It also has mangrove forest, monsoon forest, coastal forest, swamp forest, and evergreen forest.
About 40% of the Park area is dominated by savanna type vegetation.
There are 444 species of plant growing in this Park, including curious and indigenous species like widoro bukol (Ziziphus rotundifolia), mimba (Azadirachta indica), and pilang (Acacia leucophloea). These three species are able to adapt to very arid conditions, remaining green while the plants around them wither. Other plants in the Park include tamarind (Tamarindus indica), gadung (Dioscorea hispida), kemiri (Aleurites moluccana), gebang (Corypha utan), api-api (Avicennia sp.), kendal (Cordia obliqua), manting (Syzygium polyanthum), and kepuh (Sterculia foetida).

Interesting locations/attractions:
Batangan: historical site in the form of a Japanese cave. This place is a witness to Indonesia s fierce struggle for independence against the Japanese. A good place to observe animals, particularly the peacock dance in the mating season between October and November, and go camping.
Bekol, Semiang: watching animals such as the barking deer, banteng, red junglefowl and green peafowl.
Bama, Balanan, Bilik: marine tours, fishing, swimming, diving/snorkelling, and watching great herds of deer. During July and August, stags can be seen fighting each other. At low tide, troops of ebony leaf monkeys can be seen fishing for crabs using their tails at high tide.
Manting, Air Kacip: a year-round water source, birdwatching in the early morning and afternoon.
Popongan, Sejile, Sirontoh and Kalitopo: rowing on the calm sea while watching shoals of ornamental fish, watching migrant birds.
Candi Bang, Labuan Merak and Kramat: sites of historical/cultural interest.
Best time of year to visit: March to August.
How to reach the Park: Banyuwangi-Batangan, 35 km; then proceed to Bekol, 45 minutes (12 km); or Situbondo-Batangan, 60 km by car.
Web site: http:/www.balurannationalpark.com

a total area of 25,000 hectares

The Baluran Volcano is bordered on three sides by the sea. There are coral reefs which are remarkably rich in species south of Air Karang up to Tanjung Cabang, south of Kelor. Shallow coral reefs and mudflats which are exposed at low tide are found at Air Tawar, Bilik and Air Karang/Balanan. These areas support migratory shorebirds such as plovers, curlew and sandpipers as well as the resident reef heron. The crater wall varies in height from 900 – 1,247m. The caldera is about 600m deep. There is a broad lowland mantle of 5 – 7km wide on the north and east side of the volcano, flat to gently undulating, but becoming steeper above 200 – 250 m. There are numerous seasonal streams. The coastline is 40km long, generally broken, rocky and interspersed with small coves with corals, sandbanks and mudflats. The beaches of Baluran are comprised of black sand, blak small-stone beaches or coarse coral banks, depending on the area. Only a small stretch of fine, white sand is known to be visited by sea turtles. There are some patches of mangrove forest. Principal vegetation: 1,000 ha of freshwater swamp forest with Excoecaria agallocha, Szygium polyanthum, Buchania arborescens. About 750 ha of mangrove forest, which is dominated on the muddy soil by Avicennia spp., Soneratia spp., and Rhizophora spp. with locally pure stands of Ceriops tagal and Rhizophora apiculata. The higher parts of the coral beaches are dominated by Pemphis acidula.

Rosa’s Ecolodge

Yes, both the Lodge and the National Park offer unique and fascinating adventures, even for those who are not adventurous.

Besides natural wonders you can also experience Madurese village life.

Added to this, the area is so easy to reach, next to Bali and along the popular route between Yogyakarta and Bali, near many other great natural wonders.

Rosa’s Ecolodge uses a part of its income for community projects.

The intention of these programs is to increase local knowledge of the eco-system and help locals earn an income, directly or indirectly for eco-tourism.

Please enjoy browsing our website 

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