Mangrove, Permen Pidada, Sonneratia Candies, Sonneratia caseolaris

Written by on June 17, 2012 in Bali Food with 0 Comments

Permen Pidada, Sonneratia Candies, Sonneratia caseolaris

http://mangroveactionproject.org/

Sonneratia-caseolaris-400

Permen Pidada (Sonneratia Candies)

Ingredients

10 Sonneratia caseolaris fruits (ripe)

1/2 kg granulated sugar

1 package agar-agar

Preparation

Clean and dice the ripe Sonneratia fruit (mangrove

apples). Mix all ingredients and boil in

water (follow the directions on the agar-agar

package). Cool in small formed molds or

wrap in waxed paper..

Sonneratia-caseolaris

The tree is usually found in tidal river-banks and creeks with mud banks and is considered the most inland of the Sonneratia species.

Features: Tall tree 5-15m tall. The young branches hang down like those of the weeping willow (Salix babylonica) or angsana (Pterocarpus indicus). Leaves nearly circular or oval (6-8cm), narrow at the base, arranged opposite one another. The leaves have a ‘tidy’ appearance compared to those of Perepat (Sonneratia alba). Flowers with petals narrow and dark red, and many long white stamens that are pink at the base, forming a powder-puff shape. Sepals broadly triangular and yellowish greenish on the inside. The flowers open late in the evening and lasts for one night only. According to Giesen, the night-blooming flowers contain abundant nectar and are pollinated by bats and moths.

Fruit with calyx lobes flat, spreading out horizontally. Conical pneumatophores at first greenish grey with flaky bark that may grow to 2m tall at maturity. Many narrow roots may grow horizontally into the substrate at the base of the pneumatophore.

Human uses: According to Burkill, the young fruit is sour and used to flavour curries and chutnies. When ripe, the fruit have a “cheese-like taste” and is eaten raw or cooked. The pneumatophores are converted into corks for fishing net floats by shaping them and boiling them in water. The timber is not much used as the salt in it rusts iron nails and screws. Medicinal uses include various parts of the fruit for haemorrhage and coughs. According to Giesen, it makes poor timber but is occasionally used in salt-water piling. The pnematophores are used for making wooden soles of shoes.

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