Dukun, Balian, Balinese Healer

Written by on July 1, 2012 in Bali Ceremony with 0 Comments

dukun balian, balinese healerThe Dukun, Balian in Balinese

A “Balian” means a healer in Balinese language. Each of them has some specific capabilities ranging from healing bone injuries and various physical pains to healing sufferings located on a psychological level. According to the Balian body and soul are working together and should be treated all together.
Treatments include special healing massages, meditation, exorcism, special diets and some things that in the modern world we would consider as “magic”. Well, this is no “magic” but an ancestral knowledge of using the invisible powers around us. Falling in love is a good example that we have all experienced: there is often not much to explain about it and might be considered as “magic”, isn’t it?
There are many specialisms:Dukun Bayi-Midwives,Pijat-Masseurs,Prewangan-Mediums,,Petungan-Numerologists,Sihir-Sorcerers,Susuk-Specialist who cure by inserting golden needlas under the skin,Japa-Curers who rely on spells,Jampi-Curers who employ herbs and other native medicines (remedies),Siwer,terang,-Specialists in preventing natural misfortune.(keeping rain away,Tiban-Curers with temporary powers as a result of being entered by a spirit,Temanten-Wedding specialist.
My friend Wayan is very scarred for a doctor,
when he has a toothache, he goes to the Dukun.
That night he sleeps with a lot of special leaves in and around his mouth,
next morning he wokes up healthy..
He had a hernia, he told me. ”Now for sure you have to go to a hospital” I said to him,
”this never heals automaticly”.
In the afternoon he went to a very special Dukun.
That night he sleeps with a lot of special leaves on his belly and he sips a very special drink.
Next morning he wokes up healthy
and so on and so on….
When you look in the gardens from the silversmiths in Singapadu
you find many medical plants.

In Bali, you will find medical plants everywhere……..

On the Beach

In my book Farelly’s Tropical Plants I collected 133 medical plants and they grow mostly all in Bali..
When you know them they are easy to find.
When you walk along the beach in Sanur and you walk a little in the mangrove to the south you will find:

barringtonia-09F

Barringtonia asiatica,Fish poison tree,Putat Laut
The heated leaves are used to treat
stomach ache and  rheumatism, the seeds are used to get rid of intestinal worms.

 

 

 

 

Brugiera

Half of the mangrove forest exist of Bruguiera gymnorrhiza, the Black mangrove, the Tumu.The fruits hang as torpedos on the tree,when ripe they fall down deep in the mud and starts a new life.
The bark is used also as an astringent medicine against diarrhoea and sometimes malaria.
The fruits are sometimes used as an astringent in betel quid when nothing better is available and they are suitable as an eye medicine, too.

 

 

 

Calophyllum inophyllum, Beauty leaf, Camplung

The beautifull beach tree
Calophyllum inophyllum, Beauty leaf, Camplung.
Every time he bears fruit,the flying foxes visit my garden in the night,littering their shit and broken shells from the nuts.Oil seed used for illumination and medicine, mixed with coconut oil to give tongan oil for massage. Use as hair tonic/alopecia.Cures scable, kudis. Seed as analgesic and emetic. Bark used as analgesic, emollient, diuretic, laxative, emetic, depurative and antispasmodic.

Calotropis gigantea, Milkweed, Biduri

Calotropis gigantea, Milkweed, Biduri. Is used alone or with other plants to treat common disease such as fevers, rheumatism, indigestion, cough, cold, eczema, asthma, elephantiasis, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea .
Dried whole plant is a good tonic, expectorant, depurative, and anthelmintic. The dried root bark is a substitute for ipecacuanha. The root bark is febrifuge, anthelmintic, depurative, expectorant, and laxative. The powdered root used in asthama, bronchitis, and dyspepsia. The leaves are useful in the treatment of paralysis, arthralegia, swellings, and intermittent fevers. The flowers are bitter, digestive, astringent, stomachic, anthelmintic, and tonic .

Euphorbia tirucalli, Caustic bush, Patah tulang Euphorbia tirucalli, Caustic bush, Patah tulang.The juice is very dangerous for your skin,special take care for your eyes.
Medical use : Leaves employed as hemostatic and for stomach ache anc corns. Counters ezcema and scable (kudis).
Hibiscus tiliaceus, Sea hybiscus, Waru, Pucuk laut Hibiscus tiliaceus, Sea hybiscus, Waru, Pucuk laut.
Medical use: Infusion of the wood used for diabetes. Mature leaves, fruits and shoots used for fever, coughs and bronchitis. Flowers used to cure headache. Seeds and bark
reputed to be emetic. Leaves for hair care and treatment. Against boils.

Terminalia catappa, Sea almond, Ketapang Terminalia catappa, Sea almond, Ketapang.
Medical use: Oil is employed medicinally as a substitute for true almond oil to relieve abdominal inflammations, and, cooked with the leaves, in treating leprosy, scable and other skin diseases.Leaves have a sudorific action and are applied to rheumatic joints. Tannin from bark and leaves used as an astringent in dysentery and thrush. It is also regarded as diuretic and cardiotonic and is applied externally on skin eruptions. In the Philippines a decoction of the leaves is employed as a vermifuge. Seed consumed as laxative.

Cassia alata, 7 Golden candlesticks, Gelenggang Cassia alata, 7 Golden candlesticks, Gelenggang.
Traditional medicinal uses: Leaves or sap are used to treat fungal infections such as ringworm. They contain a fungicide, chrysophanic acid. Because of its anti-fungal properties, it is a common ingredient in soaps, shampoos and lotions in the Philippines. The effectiveness of this plant against skin diseases is confirmed by modern scientific studies.
Other chemicals contained in the plant includes saponin which acts as a laxative and expels intestinal parasites. In Africa, the boiled leaves are used to treat high-blood pressure. In South America, besides skin diseases, it is also used to treat a wide range of ailments from stomach problems, fever, asthma to snake bite and venereal diseases (syphilis, gonorrhoea).
Role in the habitat: It is the food plant of some butterflies. The plant recruits ant bodyguards against these caterpillars. It has “extrafloral nectaries” near the base of the leaves, that produce sweet nectar to attract ants.
Sonneratia caseolaris, Mangrove Apple, Perepat Sonneratia caseolaris, Mangrove Apple, Perepat.
Reported to be hemostat, crab apple mangrove is a folk remedy for sprains, swellings, and worms, poultices. Indochinese poultice crushed leaves with salt onto cuts and bruises. Malayans use old fruit walls for worms, half-ripe fruits fo

On the Market, Pasar

Or you just go to the market ( pasar ) in the morning and look to the fruits and vegetables that they sell,you will find:

Anacardium occidentale, Cashew, jambu mede, jambu monyet Anacardium occidentale, Cashew, jambu mede, jambu monyet.
Medical use: A tea of leaves and bark to treat diarrhea and colic remedy for infants. The toxic seed oil as an external worm medicine to kill botfly larvae under the skin. A wine made from the fruit is used for dysentery.
The fruit is taken for syphilis and as a diuretic, stimulant, and aphrodisiac. The leaves and/or the bark is also used for eczema, psoriasis, scrofula, dyspepsia, genital problems, and venereal diseases, as well as for impotence, bronchitis, cough, intestinal colic, leishmaniasis, and syphilis-related skin disorders.

Ananas comosus, Pine apple, Nanas Ananas comosus, Pine apple, Nanas.
Medicinal Properties of the Pineapple Fruit: It contains micro-nutrients protects against cancer and this micro-nutrients also break up blood clots and is beneficial to the heart. It has diuretic properties. Pineapple juices also kills intestinal worms. It also relieves intestinal disorders and soothes the bile.It stimulates the kidneys and aids in removing toxic elements in the body.
It contains a mixture of enzymes called bromelain. Bromelain blocks the production of kinins that form when there is inflammation.It helps reduce swelling brought about by arthritis, gout, sore throat and acute sinusitis. It helps accelerate the healing of wounds due to injury or surgery.

Averrhoa bilimbi, Bilimbing, Wuluh Averrhoa bilimbi, Bilimbing, Wuluh.
Medical use: In various ways in traditional medicine (e.g. skin disorders, fevers). Leaf decoction heals inflammation of the rectum. As paste it is applied on the affected surface area for mumps, rheumatism and pimples. Infusion of the flowers relieve coughs and thrush. Preserved fruit for beri-beri and disorders of the bile and liver. Leaves, flower, fruit are consumed for stomachache, wounds, stomatitis,whooping cough, bleeding, gums, acne and hypertension; as well as antitussive and antidiabetic. Against boils.

Averrhoa carambola, Starfruit, Belimbing Averrhoa carambola, Starfruit, Belimbing.
In various ways in traditional medicine (e.g. skin disorders, fevers).Crushed leaves or shoots for chicken fox, ringworm, and heaache. Fruit is laxative, refrigerant, antiscourbic; stimulate appetite, febrifuge antidysenteric. Infusion, decoction or tincture of crushed seeds is emmenagogue, lactagogue, abortifacient in large dose. Seeds as narcotic, emetic, powdered as anodyne in asthma, colic, jaundice. Counters ringworm. Leaves and flower consumed as antitusive and febrifuge; for cold. Fruit is ideal for hypertension, diabetes and as antiparalytic, hemostatic, antiemetic, and diuretic.

Citrus aurantifolia, Lime, Jeruk nipis Citrus aurantifolia, Lime, Jeruk nipis.
Medicinal Uses: Lime juice dispels the irritation and swelling of mosquito bites.
In Malaya, the juice is taken as a tonic and to relieve stomach ailments. Mixed with oil, it is given as a vermifuge. The pickled fruit, with other substances, is poulticed on the head to allay neuralgia. In India, the pickled fruit is eaten to relieve indigestion. The juice of the Mexican lime is regarded as an antiseptic, tonic, an antiscorbutic, an astringent, and as a diuretic in liver ailments, a digestive stimulant, a remedy for intestinal hemorrhage and hemorrhoids, heart palpitations, headache, convulsive cough, rheumatism, arthritis, falling hair, bad breath, and as a disinfectant for all kinds of ulcers when applied in a poultice.
The leaves or an infusion of the crushed leaves may be applied to relieve headache. The leaf decoction is used as eye drops and to bathe a feverish patient; also as a mouth wash and gargle in cases of sore throat and thrush.
The root bark serves as a febrifuge, as does the seed kernel, ground and mixed with lime juice.

Citrus hystrix, Kaffir Lime, Jeruk purut Citrus hystrix, Kaffir Lime, Jeruk purut.
Aromatic baths: Squeeze fruit and juice to gogo (for shampoo) or water (bath).
Nausea and fainting: Inhale oil from rind.
Peel is a tonic ingredient; rind used in treatment headache and woms in children.
Flavor – Squeeze rind to extract oil.
Volatile oil used in perfumery.(actually, the leaf and the leaf-shaped stem or phyllode) are widely used.
Curcuma domestica, Turmeric, Bangkot.
Medical use: Rhizome used as cholagogue, choleretic, stomachic and anti-inflammation. Use as common cosmetic. Counters ezcema. and as funigcidal. Against itchiness. and scable, for wounds. For upset stomach in children.

Curcuma xanthorrhiza, Temulawak, Temulawak. Curcuma xanthorrhiza, Temulawak, Temulawak.
The rhizome is used medicinally; it has liver protection properties.
The active ingredients (anti-oxidant and anti-edemic) are the curcuminoids (e. q. curcumin), encourage bile and prevent the formation of gallstones.
It also has essential oils, cinnamaldehyde and starch / carbohydrate.
The rhizomes have anti – viral and anti – inflammation properties (Hepatitis B and C).
Used against acne (inhibits bacterial growth); normalize digestion.
It increases breast milk production.
Decreases cholesterol levels in blood and liver.

Cymbopagon, Lemon grass, Sere Cymbopagon, Lemon grass, Sere.
Medical use: Against mosquitoes; as shampoo, perfume; for headaches, rheumatism, urinary, and stomach problems. Anti-indigestion, anti-pyretic.

Durio zibethicus, Durian, Durian Durio zibethicus, Durian, Durian.
Fruit supposed to restore the health of ailing humans and animals; according to popular belief, sickness and even death may strike people who consume durian in conjunction with alcohol. Leaves as bath for jaundice. Leaves-roots for fever. Fruit as depurative, vermifuge and tonic.

Eugenia polyantha, Indonesian Bay-Leaf, Daun salam Eugenia polyantha, Indonesian Bay-Leaf, Daun salam.
The dried brown leaves of daun salam are aromatic and somewhat sour.Medicine: Leaf and bark extracts are used medicinally against diarrhoea. Pounded leaves, bark and roots are applied as poultices against itches.

Garcinia mangostana, Mangosteen, Manggis Garcinia mangostana, Mangosteen, Manggis.
Medical use : Leaves used as astringent and antipyretic while fruit peel also as astringent and vermifuge and for dysentery and diarrhea. Mesocarp in decoction and tablet as anti-colic.

Kaempferia galanga, Lesser Galangale, Kencur. Kaempferia galanga, Lesser Galangale, Kencur.
Medical use: Flower used as corigens odoris, antipyretic, galactosupresant. Leaves treats ulcer and applied as galactosupresant. Root cures wounds, and serves as antipyretic. For fractures.

Mangifera indica, Mango, Mangga Mangifera indica, Mango, Mangga.
Medical use: Bark has astringent qualities and used for checking hemorrhages, mucus discharges and diarrhea as well as for treating skin diseases; leaves used for treating diarrhea, coughs, chest ailments, skin irritations and dental problems; flowers considered an aphrodisiac; fruits used to treat scurvy, bleeding dysentery, stomach problems and cracked skin; seeds as astringent and used against roundworm, hemorrages and scorpion stings. Also against boils.

Ocimum sanctum, Holy basil, Kemangi. Ocimum sanctum, Holy basil, Kemangi.
Medical use: Leaves used as sedative, lactagog, diuretic, emmenagogue, carminative, laxative and antipyretic. Seed made into emollient while aerial part as expectorant and diaphoretic.

Pandanus amaryllifolius, Pandan leaf, Pandan wangi Pandanus amaryllifolius, Pandan leaf, Pandan wangi.
Medical use: Pandan is said to be a restorative, deodorant, indolent and phylatic, promoting a feeling of wellbeing and acting as a counter to tropical lasstitude. It may be chewed as a breath sweetener or used as a preservative on foods. It is also said to have flavonoids which are believed to have a variety of healthful properties, including antiviral, anti-allergen, antiplatelet, anti-inflammatory, and antioxidant.

Phyllanthus acidus, Star gooseberry, Ceremai. Phyllanthus acidus, Star gooseberry, Ceremai.
The traditional ethnomedical uses are reported as using the extract from the root to cure skin diseases especially relief from itching. Leaves are used as one of the ingredients in Thai medicine to control fever..
as a liver tonic in India; the latex obtained from various parts of the tree is emetic and purgative.
The leaves are used as a demulcent against gonnorrhea.

Piper retrofractum, Bali pepper, Cabe jawa Piper retrofractum, Bali pepper, Cabe jawa.
Medical use: It is valued for various feverish diseases, including liver disorders with jaundice, and for migraine headache. In Malaysia it is used as a postpartum tonic. It is a component of digestive and sudorific (sleep-inducing) preparations. The roots are chewed for toothache and the root decoction is used for digestive disorders including stomach ache. It is included in many tonics, and it is used to disperse liver congestion.

Psidium guajava, Guava, Jambu biji. Psidium guajava, Guava, Jambu biji.
Medicinal Uses: In the interior of Brazil, a decoction of the bark or of the roots is employed to treat urinary diseases, diarrhea and dysentery. In Costa Rica, it is said to reduce varicose veins and ulcers on the legs. A leaf decoction is taken to relieve colds and bronchitis.

Spondias pinnata, Hog plum, Kedongdong. Spondias pinnata, Hog plum, Kedongdong.
Medical use: The bark is recommended for stomach ache, dysentery, rheumatism and swollen joints.

Tamarindus indica, Tamarinde tree, Asam Tamarindus indica, Tamarinde tree, Asam.
The pulp of tamarind is light brownish-red; sweetish acidic and edible.
The fruitpulp is rich in tartaric – and citric acids, high amount of vitamin C and sugar.
The fruit pulp is used in syrup, juice concentrates and exotic food specialities like chutney, curries, pickles and meat sauces.
Medical use: It is an ingredient in cardiac – and bloodsugar reducing medicine.
Medical actions and uses: cathartic, astringent, febrifuge, antiseptic, refrigerant.
The bark is used for diarrhea. Bathing with an infusion of the boiled leaves helps against skin disorders, such as scabies.

When you are just simple under way or take a look in the gardens:

Acalypha hispida, Red cat tales,, Ekor kucing. Acalypha hispida, Red cat tales,, Ekor kucing.
Medical use: Acalypha hispida leaf extracts are used for the treatment of skin infections.

Bixa orellana, Lipstick tree, Kesumbar. Bixa orellana, Lipstick tree,  Kesumbar.
Medical use: The dye contains vitamin C and is an ingredient in making soap.It has herbal applications as an astringent, as a febrifuge, as an antidysenteric and as an aphrodisiac.

Brugmansia suaveolens, Trompet flower, Kecubung gunung Brugmansia suaveolens, Trompet flower, Kecubung gunung.
It has been used as a poultice and analgesic for treating bruises and minor wounds, as skin ulcers, hemorrhoids, and anesthesia for setting bones. Arthritis, rheumatism.The leaves and flowers have been smoked for centuries to alleviate athsma and other pulmonary
conditions, and it has been shown by modern research that scopolamine happens to be an excellent bronchiodilator. Today scopolamine is commonly used to treat motion sickness.

Cananga odorata, Ylang,ylang, Kenanga. Cananga odorata, Ylang,ylang, Kenanga.
Every balinese has this flower in his hair..
Medical use:Leaves used to soothe skin itch; paste made from fresh flowers applied for asthma; dried flowers effective for intermittent fever, stomach disorders and boils. Bark remedies scable, ascites lymph swelling and as liniment. Flower consumed as aromatic and against malaria. Seed used externally for fever. In Indonesia cures scable, kudis. Also for ulcers.

Catharanthus roseus, Rose periwinkle, Tapak dara Catharanthus roseus, Rose periwinkle, Tapak dara.
All parts of the plant contain poisonous alkaloids from which drugs of value in the treatment of leukaemia have been refined.Traditionally, Catharanthus roseus has been used in folk medicine to treat diabetes and high blood pressure. As an antidiabetic remedy, it was believed to promote insulin production or to increase the body’s utilization of sugars from food. It contains vincristine a costly medicin,value US$ 6000/gram.

Clitoria ternatea, Butterfly Pea, Celeng. Clitoria ternatea, Butterfly Pea, Celeng.
Medical use: Leaves used to combat ulcer, cough and as depurative while root serves as purgative and diuretic. Flower cures inflamed eyes. Against boils and coughs.

Cordyline fruticosa, Ti plant, Andong. Cordyline fruticosa, Ti plant, Andong.
The boiled roots were brewed into a potent liquor known as okolehao. The large, sweet starchy roots were baked and eaten as a dessert. This versatile plant also had many medicinal uses, either alone or as a wrapping for other herbs needing to be steamed or boiled. The ti leaves were wrapped around warm stones to serve as hot packs, used in poultices and applied to fevered brows. A drink from boiled green ti leaves were used to aid nerve and muscle relaxation. Steam from boiled young shoots and leaves made an effective decongestant. The pleasantly fragrant flowers were also used for asthma and its leaves were used to wrap food and other items.

Costus speciosa, Spiral ginger. Costus speciosa, Spiral ginger.
Medical use :Rhizome serves as expectorant, contraception, laxative, diuretic, stimulant and aphrodisiac.Stem as poultice for fever and small pox.Use for hair washing. Low energy; rashes and sweaty skin. Rhizome decoction/drink as antipruritic.

Datura innoxia, Devil's trumpet, Kecubung. Datura innoxia, Devil’s trumpet, Kecubung.
Medical use : The whole plant, but especially the leaves and seed, is anaesthetic, anodyne, antiasthmatic, antispasmodic, antitussive, bronchodilator, hallucinogenic, hypnotic and mydriatic. It has a wide range of applications in India, including in the treatment of epilepsy, hysteria, insanity, heart diseases, fever with catarrh, diarrhoea, skin diseases etc.. In China it is used in the treatment of asthma. Great caution is advised since excess doses cause hallucinations, severe intoxication and death. The toxic dose is very close to the medicinal dose so this plant should only be used under the guidance of a qualified practitioner. The plant contains the alkaloids hyoscyamine, hyoscine and atropine. Atropine dilates the pupils and is used in eye surgery. Total alkaloid content of the leaves is 0.426%, which is mainly atropine. The seeds contain 0.426% alkaloids, which is mainly hyoscyamine. The roots contain 0.35% hyoscyamine.
An extract of the flowers is used as an anaesthetic – 3 – 5g applied orally produces a general anaesthesia within 5 minutes and lasting 5 – 6 hours.

Ficus benjamina, Banyan tree,P ohon Beringin. Ficus benjamina, Banyan tree,P ohon Beringin.
Medicinal Uses and Properties: It is astringent to bowels; useful in treatment of biliousness, ulcers, erysipelas, vomiting, vaginal complains, fever, inflammations, leprosy. Its latex is aphrodisiac, tonic, vulernary, maturant, lessens inflammations; useful in piles, nose-diseases, gonorrhea etc. The aerial root is styptic, useful in syphilis, biliousness, dysentery, inflammation of liver etc.
Kalanchoe pinnata, Air Plant, Sosor bebek. Kalanchoe pinnata, Air Plant, Sosor bebek.
Use for abscesses, adenoids(infected), arthritis, athlete’s foot, boils, bronchitis, bubos, burns, calluses, conjunctivitis, corns, coughs, dermatitis, dermatosis, earaches, eczema, edema, erysipelas, fever, glaucoma, headache, infections, inflammation, insect stings, intestinal problems, itch, kidney stones, lymphatic disorders, mouth sores, nervousness, respiratory infections, rheumatism, scurvy, skin problems, toothache, tuberculosis, tumor, ulcers, urinary insufficiency, wart, whooping cough, wounds, and as a sedative

Gloriosa superba, Tiger’s claws, Kembang sumsang. Gloriosa superba, Tiger’s claws, Kembang sumsang.
Medical use: Root employed as tonic, antiperiodic, alterative and purgative.Counters ezcema., Against itchiness. and counters ringworm. It also cures scable.

Lagerstroemia speciosa, Queen’s flower, Bungar. Lagerstroemia speciosa, Queen’s flower, Bungar.
Medicinal applications: roots are used for stomach problems.
Tea of the leaves is used against diabetes mellitus and for weight loss.
The leaves are able to lower blood sugar due to, among other phytochemicals -, corosolic acid (triterpenoid glycoside).
It helps the body handling glucose and as such also effective in weight loss.

Michelia champaka, Cempaka Michelia champaka, Cempaka.
Medical use: Almost all parts of the plant have medicinal properties, being used for fever, calming nerves, heart problems, colic, gout, healing wounds, menstrual problems, childbirth and health tonic. Bark employed as tonic, astringent, antiperiodic, alterative and febrifuge. Leaves solves problem on rheumatism, angina and pharyngitis.

Morinda Citrifolia, Painkiller tree, Menkudu An important tree there is the Morinda Citrifolia, The painkiller tree, pohon Menkudu….
Various parts of the tree (leaves, flowers, fruits, bark, roots) serve as tonics and to contain fever, to treat eye and skin problems, gum and throat problems as well as constipation, stomach pain, or respiratory difficulties,heated noni leaves applied to the chest are believed to relieve coughs, nausea, or colic.The noni fruit is taken, for asthma, lumbago, and dysentery. As for external uses, unripe fruits can be pounded, then mixed with salt and applied to cut or broken bones, ripe fruits are applied to draw out pus from an infected boil. The green fruit, leaves and the root/rhizome have traditionally been used to treat menstrual cramps and irregularities, among other symptoms, while the root has also been used to treat urinary difficulties.
And so you have hundreds of special plants in the jungle……

 

Momordica charantia, Balsam pear, Pare Momordica charantia, Balsam pear, Pare.
Leaves in capsule form as hypoglycemic. Leaves as emmenagogue, laxative and antipyretic. Apply for burns. and inflammation, counters dermatitis. Leaf juice for cough, parasiticide, vulnerary. Juice from green fruit for colitis and bacillary dysentery. Whole plant for the treatment of diabetes, emetic, for skin diseases, sterility in women, for chronic ulcers of the stomach.

Orthosiphon aristatus, Cat’s wisker’s, Kumis kucing.
Medical use: Java Tea. This drug occurs in commerce in the form of small, oval, finely toothed, green leaves, rolled up like tea. It has a volatile oil and a crystalline glucoside, orthosiphonin, and potassium salts.It is said to be a powerful diuretic, and is highly recommended in nephritic colic, gravel, uric acid diathesis, and even ascites.

Pistia stratiotes, Water lettuce, Apu apu.
Medical use: Leaves are used in traditional medicine for the treatment of ringworm infection of the scalp, syphilitic eruptions, skin infections, boils, and wounds. The oil extract is used in the treatment of worm infestations, tuberculosis, asthma, and dysentery, and is applied externally to treat skin diseases, inflammation, piles, ulcers, syphilitic infections and burns.

For the other 85 plants just ask your Dukun….

Tags: , ,

Subscribe

If you enjoyed this article, subscribe now to receive more just like it.

Subscribe via RSS Feed

Leave a Reply

Top